Organic farming is a scientific form of agriculture that relies on ecosystem management and attempts to reduce or eliminate synthetic inputs. It is a religiously environment friendly system that promotes and enhances ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil fertility activity.
Organic Farming considers regional conditions in preference to the use of off-farm inputs. Utilizing conventional, systematic and scientific knowledge, organic agricultural systems rely heavily on agronomic, biological, and mechanical methods which may require external inputs of nonrenewable resources such as tractor fuel, as opposed to using synthetic substances such as synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, and genetically modified organisms, to fulfill any specific function within the system.
In a number of countries, including the US, Australia, Bulgaria, Iceland, Japan, Norway, Romania, Switzerland, Turkey, India, Argentina, the Philippines, Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Costa Rica, Tunisia, EU, organic farming is under legal purview, so that the commercial use of the term organic to describe farming and food products is in harmony by the government. Where laws exist, organic certification is available to farmers for a fee, and it is usually illegal for a non-certified farm to call itself or its products organic.
In addition to the exclusion of synthetic agrochemicals, protection of the soil (from nutrient depletion, erosion, structural breakdown), outdoor grazing for livestock and poultry and promotion of biodiversity (e.g. growing a variety of crops rather than a single crop) are other methods of organic farming. Within this structure, determined by factors such as climate, market conditions, and local agricultural regulations, individual farmers develop their own organic production systems.
It is important to make the distinction between organic farming and organic food.
The comparison between organic and conventional farming is as below:
At Gothra group, the experts are specialized in the best organic farming practices followed across the country. We provide consultation for the best practices of cultivation for your farms that suit the location, climate, soil quality and other essential attributes. We also provide training of best methodologies including certification for your farms.
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